This directly translates to ‘hill of the quiet mind’, and is another of Yala’s attractions, apart from the wildlife escapades. It’s an ancient rock temple, which is to-date, a place of worship for pilgrims. History states that this monastery once housed upto 12,000 monks at a time in its day. Sithulpawwa is also referred to as ‘Chithala Paawatha Vehera’ in ancient texts, and is linked to the times of King Kavanthissa. The complex consists of a variety of structures, including numerous stupas and cave temples, as well as detailed paintings thought to date back to the 3rd century BC. Interesting and valuable artefacts have been retrieved from the site and its surrounding areas too in the past.